1.Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) are institutions of higher education in the United States that were established before 1964 with the intention of
serving African Americans.
2. The first HBCU owned and operated by African Americans was Wilberforce University in Ohio, which was founded in 1856. Some were founded by White abolitionists
like Gen. O.O. Howard, Clinton B. Fisk, Henry Martin Tupper.
3.HBCUs significantly contribute to the creation of African American science degree holders:
computer science 35%
physical science 43%
social science 23.2%
4.9 of the top 10 colleges that graduate most of the African American students who go on to earn Ph.D.s are HBCUs.
5.HBCUs have over a $10.2 billion positive impact on the nation’s economy.